Colon cancer is a type of cancer that originates in the large intestine (colon). It is one of the most common types of cancer, and affects both men and women. The exact cause of colon cancer is not known, but there are certain risk factors associated with it, such as age, family history, and lifestyle choices. The main type of colon cancer is called adenocarcinoma of the colon. The main site of colon cancer is the left colon.
Causes and risk factors of colon cancer:
The exact cause of colon cancer is not known, but there are certain risk factors associated with it. These include age (over 50 years), a family history of colon cancer, presence of colon polyps, inflammatory bowel disease, and lifestyle choices such as smoking and a diet high in red or processed meat. People with a family history of colorectal cancer should consider having a colonoscopy regularly to look for any early signs of cancer.
Symptoms of colon cancer:
In its early stages, colon cancer may not cause any symptoms. As the tumor grows, symptoms may include changes in bowel habits such as diarrhea or constipation, abdominal pain and bloating, rectal bleeding or blood in the stool, unwanted weight similar to other gastrointestinal disorders. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important that you seek medical attention immediately.
Treatment of colon cancer:
Colon cancer treatment often depends on the stage and type of tumor. Surgery is the most widely used option to remove colon tumors. In addition, radiation therapy and chemotherapy may be used for larger tumors or to reduce the risk of recurrence (relapse). The success rate of treatment depends on how early the cancer is found and whether it has spread beyond the colon.
Colon cancer is one of the most common types of cancer, affecting both men and women. It is important to know the risk factors and symptoms associated with this disease since early detection and treatment can improve the prognosis. Colon cancer treatment usually includes surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. With proper diagnosis and treatment, the prognosis for people with colon cancer is very good.
If we know the causes, symptoms, and treatments of colon cancer, we will be better equipped to protect ourselves from this potentially deadly disease. In addition, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle and diet, as well as to have regular colonoscopies if you are at risk of developing the disease. Doing so can help reduce the chances of getting this cancer.