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Appendicitis | Symptoms and Causes


The appendix is ​​a small, finger-shaped segment that protrudes from the large intestine near the point where it joins the small intestine. The appendix may have some immune-type function, but it is not an essential organ. Inflammation of the appendix is ​​called appendicitis and requires urgent medical attention.
It is located in the lower right part of the abdomen, born in the large intestine. The appendix is ​​antibody-producing, although on a low scale.

The main causes are a history of a respiratory infection that causes the appendix to become inflamed and obstructs its lumen, causing bacteria to proliferate, producing peritonitis. Another cause is the obstruction of the appendix with faeces. It is the most common surgical disease and can occur in both children and adults.

Appendicitis is a condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed and infected. The symptoms of appendicitis usually begin as abdominal pain that starts around the belly button and moves to the lower right side of the abdomen. Other symptoms are fever, nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite. Appendicitis can be very serious if not treated quickly and can even be life-threatening.

Symptoms of appendicitis

The most common symptom of appendicitis is abdominal pain. This pain usually starts as a dull ache around the belly button area and gradually moves to the lower right side of the abdomen called McBurney’s point. The pain may become more intense and sharp as time passes and may be accompanied by fever, loss of appetite, and nausea. Other symptoms of appendicitis can be constipation or diarrhea, bloating, abdominal swelling, and tenderness when touching the abdomen.

It is very important to see a doctor immediately when showing any of the symptoms of appendicitis, because if the appendix ruptures, peritonitis may occur.

Causes of appendicitis

The exact cause of appendicitis is not fully known, but it is believed to be due to an obstruction of the appendix. This obstruction may be due to hardened stool, parasites, or even tumors. Other possible causes of appendicitis are inflammation from viral or bacterial infections.

Prevention of appendicitis

Although there is no foolproof way to completely prevent appendicitis, you can take certain steps to reduce your risk. Among them are following a healthy and balanced diet with a lot of fiber, drinking a lot with lots of vegetables and fruits. Also, regular exercise can help keep your digestive system healthy and reduce the chances of appendicitis.

Diagnosis of Appendicitis

In order for the doctor to make a correct diagnosis of appendicitis, it is important that you correctly describe the symptoms that you present. Likewise, the doctor should do the following tests:

1.- Pain level: if you have appendicitis, the pain will increase when the doctor gently presses on the right lower quadrant of the abdomen. If the appendix has ruptured, touching the belly area can be very painful.

2.- Rectal examination: the doctor can have a more accurate diagnosis if he finds tenderness on the right side of the rectum.

3.- Blood test: if this test shows a high white blood cell count, it may suggest that appendicitis is present.

4.- Imaging studies: a computed tomography of the abdomen and an abdominal ultrasound can help to have an adequate diagnosis of appendicitis.

Appendicitis is a serious condition if not treated early and a very common cause of emergency surgery.

Treatment of appendicitis

If you suspect you have appendicitis, it’s important to seek medical attention immediately. Treatment usually consists of surgical removal of the appendix (appendectomy), which is performed under general anesthesia. During the procedure, the appendix is ​​removed and the incision is sutured. Recovery time varies depending on the severity of the condition, but it usually takes several weeks for a full recovery.

To avoid complications and reduce the risk of infection after an appendectomy, you should follow your doctor’s instructions for postoperative care. This includes eating a healthy diet and getting plenty of rest. Also, you should avoid strenuous activities until cleared by your doctor.

In conclusion, appendicitis is a serious disease that can be life-threatening if not promptly treated. Although there is no sure way to prevent appendicitis, it is important to follow a healthy lifestyle and seek medical attention immediately if you experience any signs or symptoms. Treatment usually consists of an appendectomy and postoperative care to ensure a full recovery.

It is also important to note that although appendicitis is relatively common, it can be serious if not treated properly. Therefore, it is important to seek medical attention promptly if you suspect that you may have this disease. With early diagnosis and treatment, appendicitis can be successfully treated

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